Caslon Language Education Wikimedia (B)

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Caslon Language Education Index

A, B,

basic interpersonal communication skills(BICS)

  • A term coined by Jim Cummins that refers to the type of language proficiency that is acquired through face-to-face communication and that is necessary for social interactions, including those that occur in a classroom. This type of conversational language proficiency is both context embedded (the context makes the meaning clear) and cognitively undemanding (the concept is easily acquired). BICS or conversational language proficiency develops relatively quickly, usually within two years, provided the learner has access to English speakers (see CALP). Teaching Adolescent English Language Learners by Nancy Cloud, Judah Lakin, Erin Leininger, Laura Maxwell

big idea

bilingual learner


Bridge, the

  • The instructional moment in teaching for biliteracy when teachers bring the two languages together, guiding students to actively engage in contrastive analysis of the two languages by visually placing them side by side and to transfer the academic content they have learned in one language to the other language. Teaching for Biliteracy by Karen Beeman and Cheryl Urow

Bridge anchor chart