Caslon Language Education Wikimedia (N)

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Caslon Language Education Index

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z

narrow reading

national origin minority group (student)

Native American Languages Act (1990)

native English speakers

native language

  • The first language learned by a child; also called L1. Subsequent languages are called L2, L3, and so forth, according to their position in the sequence of learning. In early childhood education, the presence of any language in the home in the early years should be considered in planning for the child’s educational needs, so the term “home language” is now used more frequently than “native language.” See also home language. Young Dual Language Learners by Karen N. Nemeth

native language arts



  • A student who has just arrived in the United States and most likely speaks no English. Newcomer programs are offered by some schools with specific linguistic, cultural, and personal supports available to aid adjustment. Young Dual Language Learners by Karen N. Nemeth

newcomer program

  • A program model aimed at students who not only have limited proficiency in English, but also have limited literacy skills in their primary language. These students’ lack of basic literacy in their first language can usually be attributed to a lack of formal schooling in their home countries. Although newcomer programs vary in design, they are all set up to address the unique needs of this special population of students. Newcomer programs, in addition to academic English, may focus on acculturation to the U.S. school system, preparing students for their lives in new communities, and developing students' primary languages. Most newcomer programs share some common features, among which are that the programs are distinct from regular language support programs, that they use instructional strategies aimed at initial literacy development, and that they have courses or activities aimed at orienting students to different aspects of American culture and society. Teaching Adolescent English Language Learners by Nancy Cloud, Judah Lakin, Erin Leininger, Laura Maxwell

next generation assessments

  • Assessments that are designed to measure required college-and-career-readiness standards and corresponding English language proficiency standards. Most of these assessments are delivered by computer or mobile devices and include technology-enhanced questions that go beyond traditional paper-and-pencil multiple-choice tests. Some also use computer-adaptive testing techniques. Foundations for Teaching English Language Learners, third edition by Wayne E. Wright

Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB)

nombres cortos y largos

normal curve equivalents (NCEs)

norm-referenced test

  • A test designed to compare a student’s score to those of other students. Test results are usually reported as percentile rankings (e.g., a student at the 71st percentile rank scored higher than 71 percent of the students in the test’s norming population, that is, a group of students who have already taken the test). Foundations for Teaching English Language Learners, third edition by Wayne E. Wright