Caslon Language Education Wikimedia (I)

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Caslon Language Education Index

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z


idiosyncratic measures

imagined community

  • Term used by Benedict Anderson to indicate that national identities are constructed phenomena. In the absence of daily face-to-face contact, individuals have to imagine the other members of the community—who they are, what they do, how they think. These assumptions about cultural and linguistic practices, values, beliefs become part of who is considered part of the community. Foundations for Multilingualism in Education by Ester de Jong


  • The carefully planned learning environment for language learners in two language groups who are placed in two-way immersion (TWI) classrooms with one or two teachers who speak both English and the target language. The goal is that the non–English-speaking children will learn English and the English-speaking children will learn the other target language while both groups learn grade-level content together and become bicultural. The two student groups in a TWI classroom have similar language proficiencies to the target language. Initially the minority language is the language of instruction for the majority of the school day. Each year, instruction is increasingly taught in English. Literacy and academic content instruction is adapted to be comprehensible for the learners in both groups and materials are specifically selected to match the students’ language proficiency levels in both languages. (See contrasting definition of submersion.) Implementing Effective Instruction for English Language Learners by Suzanne Wagner and Tamara King

immersion program


independent reading

independent writing

individualized education plan (IEP)

individualized intervention

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

  • Federal law that requires schools to serve the educational needs of eligible students with disabilities.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA)

informal language

informal reading inventory

initial literacy instruction

initiation-response-evaluation (IRE)

inner circle

integrated bilingual education models

integrated transitional bilingual education


intensive intervention

interactive read aloud

interactive writing

  • Writing instruction for ELLs who are at the beginning stage of writing, in which the teacher and the students compose a short sentence or paragraph. The teacher helps the students construct the sentence or sentences in enlarged text (e.g., on chart paper) by guiding individual students as they come up to add individual letters or words, and helping them to make relevant sound-symbol correspondences. Foundations for Teaching English Language Learners, third edition by Wayne E. Wright

interdependence hypothesis

intergenerational language transmission


interlexical homographs

internal accountability

internal structure of a language

  • The natural way a language is organized. Literacy instruction that matches the internal structure of the language is characterized by the use of strategies that support literacy development in that language, such as studying vowels first in Spanish and consonants first in English. Teaching for Biliteracy by [Karen Beeman and Cheryl Urow

intersentential code-switching


intrasentential code-switching


invented spelling

  • Also called developmental spelling, transitional spelling, or temporary spelling; refers to a temporary stage emergent writers may go through as they rely on their knowledge of sound-symbol correspondences to write words as the words sound to them. Foundations for Teaching English Language Learners, third edition by Wayne E. Wright

inventory of specific observable behaviors (ISOB)

IQ test